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Quebec's Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Program: A Step-by-Step Overview

Earning your driver’s license is a significant milestone in life, granting you newfound freedom and independence. However, with this privilege comes the responsibility of safe and responsible driving. In Quebec, the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program is designed to help new drivers gradually build their skills and experience while ensuring road safety for all. In this blog, we’ll provide a step-by-step overview of Quebec’s GDL program, helping you understand the journey to becoming a licensed driver.

Step 1: Obtaining the Learner’s License (Class 5L)

  • Age Requirement: You can apply for the Learner’s License (Class 5L) in Quebec at the age of 16.
  • Eligibility: To be eligible, you must pass a written knowledge test on road signs, traffic rules, and safe driving practices.
  • Supervision: While holding a Learner’s License, you must be accompanied by a fully licensed driver (Class 5) with at least 2 years of experience, and they must sit in the front passenger seat.
  • Restrictions: Learner drivers are prohibited from driving between midnight and 5 a.m. and from having any alcohol in their system while driving.

Step 2: The Probationary License (Class 5R)

  • Minimum Age: After 10 months of holding the Learner’s License, you can apply for the Probationary License (Class 5R) at the age of 16 years and 10 months.
  • Road Test: To qualify for the Probationary License, you must successfully complete a road test.
  • Night Driving: With the Probationary License, you can drive alone at night, between midnight and 5 a.m. However, restrictions on having any alcohol in your system remain in place.
  • Passenger Limit: For the first year, you can only have one passenger aged 19 or under, unless they are immediate family members.

Step 3: The Full License (Class 5)

  • Minimum Age: After holding the Probationary License for 24 months without any violations or suspensions, you can apply for the Full License (Class 5) at the age of 18.
  • No Restrictions: With the Full License, there are no restrictions on the time of day you can drive or the number of passengers you can carry.

Additional Information:

It’s essential to maintain a clean driving record and abide by all traffic laws and regulations during each stage of the GDL program.

Completing a recognized driving course may reduce the waiting time for each stage of the GDL program.

Quebec’s GDL program aims to reduce the risk of accidents among new drivers by providing them with structured learning and experience under supervised conditions.

Quebec’s Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program is designed to ensure that new drivers acquire the skills and experience necessary for safe and responsible driving. By following the steps outlined in this overview and adhering to the program’s requirements, you can progress through the stages of licensing and become a confident and capable driver. Remember that the knowledge and skills you gain during this journey are invaluable for a lifetime of safe driving.

  • G1 Practice Test
  • G2 Road Test
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Prepare for the G1 Test by
practicing over your 300 Questions

Once you acquire the knowledge provided in
those tests, you are ready to pass the
test, the first time.